Pacific Blue Marlin
Pacific Blue Marlin are a unique species that possess its own skill and cunning so when you book your Maui fishing charter, you want a Captain that has experience going up against this beast of the deep, a beast some call the ultimate gladiator fish of the sea. Sport fishing in Hawaii is the ultimate in fishing and landing a blue marlin is the ultimate test in fishing, you want a Maui Sport Fishing charter that is up to and able to meet the challenge.
The true giants of the sport fish world, The Blue Marlin is at the top of the food chain. They lurk in the waters surrounding the Hawaiian Islands, waiting to pounce on an unsuspecting tuna or a lure bubbling and splashing behind a boat. They are generally loners and put on a spectacular battle when hooked, jumping all over the surface while also staying under and fighting down and dirty. Battles with these monsters can last three hours or more. Blue Marlin are caught trolling artificial lures, and live baiting. We encourage catch-and- release on all marlin if the situation warrants, and the angler wishes to do so. Any blue marlin is a true trophy regardless of size, and an angler should be very proud to catch one of these giants of the deep. The blue marlin average 200 lbs. But that number is skewed because the male fish rarely exceed that. All the larger fish are generally females. They range in size from 100-1000+ lbs. The largest Blue marlin caught anywhere in the world was caught in Hawaii - 1805 lbs!
It takes a special type of charter Captain to be consistently successful at marlin fishing in Hawaii. One that possesses unique fishing skills that is experienced in numerous successful hook-ups and catches. Blue Marlin are a unique species that possess it's own skill and cunning so when you book your Hawaii fishing charter you want a Captain that has experience going up against this beast of the deep, a beast some call the ultimate gladiator fish of the sea. Sport fishing in Hawaii is the ultimate in fishing and landing a blue marlin is the ultimate test in fishing, you want a Hawaii fishing charter that is up to and able to meet the challenge.
Family: Istiophoridae (Billfishes)
Genus and Species: Makaira nigricans
Range: Blue marlin are the most tropical of all marlins but are distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans; a single stock is assumed for each ocean. In the Atlantic, blue marlin range from New England to Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, and Uruguay; in the Pacific, the are seen from southern California (rarely) to Chile and Hawaii. In common with striped marlin, they are rarely encountered in shallow nearshore waters, preferring blue, oceanic waters.
Description: The blue marlin is the largest of the marlins, common to 11 feet, and known to exceed 2,000 pounds. It is cobalt blue on top shading to silvery white on bottom, although colors can vary by region, leading to the belief that their may in fact be two distinct species - Atlantic Blue Marlin (M. nigricans) and Indo-Pacific Blue Marlin (M. mazara). The upper jaw is elongated in form of a spear, dorsal fin pointed at front end with no spots, and pectoral fin and anal fin are pointed. The lateral line is reticulated (interwoven like a net), making it difficult to see in large specimens. The body of the blue marlin is covered with imbedded scales ending in one or two sharp points.
Natural History: Blue marlin feed primarily on tunas and other pelagic fishes and to a lesser extent on young reef fishes and squid. It is difficult to find a blue marlin over 10 years old, however they are believed to live up to 15 years. All specimens of trophy size are females; males do not exceed 300 pounds.
Fishing Information: Like the other billfish, blue marlin are highly migratory, surface water fishes which are closely tied to warm waters. Though they may be found on the high seas thousands of miles from the continents, they also approach within a few miles of coastal regions with adjacent deep water.
A free-roamer, the blue marlin is best fished where bait is most plentiful - along weed lines, around schools of small tuna and other pelagic bait fishes, in areas where seamounts or other subsurface structure creates up wellings and currents, along sharp bottom contours and near water temperature changes.
The blue's enormous size and legendary fighting ability make it one of the most highly-targeted gamefish in the world. Anglers commonly troll natural baits such as mackerel, tuna, bonito, ballyhoo and dolphin in hopes of enticing one of these giants. Brightly colored lures and teasers are also commonly used.
Temperature Range: 71 - 88 degrees F.
Other Common Names: Aguja Azul, Atlantic blue marlin, Pacific blue marlin.
Largest recorded: 1,402 pounds (Brazil), 1,820 pounds (Hawaii).
Sources: Marine Sportfish Identification, California Department of Fish and Game, 1987; FishBase, FishBase Consortium, 2001; Billfish, Saltaire Publishing, 1976.